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Job fairs boom amid economic crisis

作者: 佚名  上传时间:2009-03-06  浏览:184
 By Adla Massoud in New York  
Long queues form at job fairs across the US [GALLO/GETTY]
The line to get into the job fair stretched around three sides of one block.
More than 2,000 job seekers turned out at a Midtown hotel in New York City to shake hands, exchange business cards and score a quick interview. Either out of work or soon to be, they were all seeking a way to turn their fortunes around.
Thirty employers waited inside, each with their own selling points - from sales to health care to opportunities in the military.
With the unemployment rate soaring to its highest level in over 15 years, many job seekers are feeling anxious. For every position available, there are many qualified candidates.
Barbara Safani, the president of Career Solvers, a career consultancy company, says many of the firms in attendance may not be actively recruiting but rather using job fairs as an opportunity to market their brand.
"A lot of companies still attend these job fairs to keep their pipeline strong even if they are not going to hire," she said.
High-performing candidates
Peter Stack, the vice-president of insurance company MetLife, which had several booths at the fair, said the economic crisis has not altered their hiring policies.
"We´re still looking for high-performing individuals. It´s always good to have such rich talent," he said.
Some employers are making the most of rising unemployment to improve their workforce, says Jennifer Grasz from careerbuilder.com, a recruitment website.
"What we are seeing is that employers are taking this time to upgrade their talent roster. "They´re replacing lower-performing employees with higher-performing candidates that may not have been available in a healthier job market. So, they are able to access a greater pool of talent," she said.
Grasz says the companies benefiting most from the economic crisis are outplacement firms - the outfits hired by employers to provide career counselling to the employees they lay off. Long-term unemployed According to a poll released by the Pew Research Centre, 40 per cent of Americans have been affected by some kind of employment-related problem in the past year, be it unemployment, underemployment, reductions in pay or hours, or family members being laid off.
Fifty-six per cent of those polled expect the situation to either deteriorate or stay the same in the next year. The US Federal Reserve has also predicted that the economy will continue to shrink, pushing the unemployment rate even higher.
With limited opportunities available, the unemployed are now finding it increasingly difficult to become re-employed and according to US federal data, the number of long-term unemployed - those out of work for at least 27 weeks - has doubled to 2.6 million in the past year.
"I´ve been unemployed for almost a year now, and have applied for over 200 jobs," says 55-year-old Arnold Morse.
"I worked as an accountant and it´s been hard for me to find a job because I don´t have a CPA [certified public accountant]. "It´s a test I should have taken 30 years ago when I first graduated from college but the way my career was going back then, I did not need it. Now a lot of places are looking for a CPA."
"I tried temping [temporary work] for a month," he adds. "But they decided I was overqualified for the job. It´s been pretty rough out there." Uncertainty
With the state of California´s unemployment rate reaching 9.3 per cent, Vince Torres decided to try his luck in New York.
"This is the second job fair I attended and I think ultimately the best way to get a job is by networking," he said.
Some Federal Reserve officials fear it will take five to six years for the economy and employment to return to healthy levels. Employment is typically the last piece of the economy to heal as businesses slowly test the water before hiring again.
Jessica Moore, a single mother of two and a former retail employee, says: "What gets to me is the uncertainty, not knowing what tomorrow will bring."

 
 
Adla Massoud纽约报道
美国各地招聘会应聘者排起了长龙[GALLO/GETTY]
参加招聘会的应聘者长队把一个街区的三面围了个水泄不通。
2000多名求职者聚集在纽约市?#34892;?#21306;宾馆,他们握手、互递名片,从而寻求一个?#28120;?#30340;面试机会。无论是已经或即将失业者,他们都在寻求脱离困境的途径。
30名雇主等候在大厅内,每个雇主都提供了?#32422;?#30340;特色职位,涵盖了销售、医疗保健、参军等众多领域。
在这次经济危机中,美国失业率已飙升至15年来的最高水平,好多求职者忧心忡忡。因为每一个可寻求的职位都吸引了众多合格的竞聘者。
职?#21040;?#20915;者(Career Solvers)职业咨询公司的总裁芭芭拉·萨伐尼(Barbara Safani)说,列席的好多公司可能无意招募人才,而是利用招聘会这个契机营销他们的品牌。
“好多公司仍在列席这些招聘会以壮大他们的营销渠道,虽然他们无意招募人才,”萨伐尼如是说。
高履历的应聘者
美国大都会人寿保险公司(MetLife)的副总裁皮得·斯达克(Peter Stack)表示,这次经济危机并没有改变公司的雇佣政策,他们在这个招聘会设置了好几个席位。
“我们仍在寻找精英人才,人才济济总是没错的,”斯达克如是说。
来自求职招聘网站careerbuilder.com的詹尼弗·格拉兹表示,一些雇主正在充分利用上升的失业人数来提升他们的劳动力。
“依我们看来,雇主正在借此机会升级他们人才储备。”
“他们正在用那些在一个更正常的求职行情无用武之地的高绩效的应聘者取代低绩效的员工,这样他们就能获得更卓越的人才储备,”格拉兹如是说。
格拉兹表示,最能从经济危机中受益的公司是那些人力资源公司(猎头)——受雇于众多雇主、向离职的员工提供职业咨询的公?#23613;?br/> 长期失业
佩尤研究?#34892;模≒ew Research Centre)公布的民意调查结果显示,去年,无论是失业、不充分就业、降?#20581;?#36824;是家庭成员被解雇,40%的美国人已受到与就业相关的一些问题的影响。
56%的受调查人员认为明年的?#38382;?#19981;是恶化就是依然维持现状。
美国联邦储备?#20302;?#20063;曾预测,经济状况将会继续萎靡,将会导致失业率大幅提升。
由于只有有限的就业机会,失业人员现在发现重新就业变得?#25214;?#33392;难。美国联邦数据显示,去年长期失业(离职至少27周)的人数已经翻倍达到了260万。
“到现在,我已经失?#21040;?#19968;年了,申请过200多个职位,都杳无音讯,”55岁的阿诺德·摩尔斯(Arnold Morse)说。
“?#20197;?#32463;做过会计,现在我很难找到一份工作,因为我没有注册会计师证书。”
“注册会计师是一个我本应在30年?#26696;?#27605;业时就通过的测试,但是追溯那时我的职业,我根本就不需要这个证书。但现在好多职位都要求具有注册会计师证书。”
“?#20197;?#35797;着做过零时工,”他补充说。“但是就?#26031;?#20316;,他们认为我资历过高,大材小用。这些工作都是非常粗糙的活。”
变幻无常
由于加州的失业率已经高至9.3%,文斯·托雷斯(Vince Torres)决定在纽约碰碰运气。
“这是我参加的第二个招聘会,我最终认为找到工作的最好途径是通过网络,”他说。
联邦储蓄的某些官员担忧经济和雇佣状况回到正轨将需要5至6年的时间。当企业迟缓地探索商机重新招聘之前,就业成了经济?#27492;?#26368;先解决的代表性问题。
杰西卡·摩尔(Jessica Moore)是一名拥有两个孩子的单身妈妈,她曾是一名售货?#20445;?#22905;说:“我身边发生的一切都变幻无常,我不知道明天将会怎样。”
 
调查:大家是否?#19981;?#27801;龙做一些外文的编译,介绍一些国外的情况,可以直接发布评论,无需登?#25216;?#21487;发布

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